Myopia (or short-sightedness) is a common eye condition where distance objects are not seen clearly. It is becoming more prevalent and is now occurring in younger patients.
It's important to help stop or slow the progression of myopia as it can be associated with a higher risk of several eye conditions. These include:
- retinal detachments
- macula changes and glaucoma, and
- potentially permanent vision changes.
There are a number of risk factors that increase the likelihood of becoming short sighted. These include:
- Genetics with the risk of myopia increasing when one of both parents are short sighted
- Increased use of screen-based devices
- Decreased amount of time spent outdoors
Strategies that can help prevent or slow the onset of myopia include:
- Glasses for reading and screen time to reduce strain on eyes (if applicable)
- Significantly reduce time on screens such as iPads and computers, and increase breaks from close up work (20 minutes on/off)
- Increase time spent outdoors (at least 2 hours per day)