People with diabetes have a greater risk of developing eye complications due to high blood sugar levels, however early detection and optimal management can prevent up to 98% of vision loss.
How can Diabetes affect your eyes?
People with diabetes are more likely to develop cataracts at a younger age and are twice as likely to develop glaucoma as are non-diabetics. The primary vision problem caused by diabetes is diabetic retinopathy.
What is Diabetic Retinopathy?
Diabetic retinopathy is retinopathy (damage to the retina) caused by complications of diabetes, which can eventually lead to blindness.
The retina is the light-sensitive lining at the back of the eye which enables us to see. Diabetic retinopathy occurs when elevated blood glucose levels damage the small blood vessels of the retina, causing them to weaken and become more susceptible to blockages. This can lead to blood leakage, swelling and reduced oxygen supply in the retina.
What are some common symptoms and early warning signs?
Common symptoms and early warning signs include blurred vision, sensitivity to light, distorted vision, poor night vision, dim vision, loss of vision, and floating spots in your vision.
Can eye complications due to Diabetes be treated?
At present there is no cure for diabetes, but early detection and optimal management are essential in reducing your risk of eye complications.
How can I reduce my risk?
The good news is that while the risk of developing retinopathy is present, maintaining your blood sugar levels within the recommended range, adopting a healthy lifestyle and having your eyes tested regularly can reduce your risk by up to 58%.